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Metaphysics

November 18, 2021
Aristotle (Freshman)

Metaphysics (Greek: τὰ μετὰ τὰ φυσικά, “things after the ones about the natural world”; Latin: Metaphysica[1]) is one of the principal works of Aristotle, in which he develops the doctrine that he refers to sometimes as Wisdom, sometimes as First Philosophy, and sometimes as Theology. It is one of the first major works of the […]

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Physics


Aristotle (Freshman)

    Key concepts of Aristotelian physics include the structuring of the cosmos into concentric spheres, with the Earth at the centre and celestial spheres around it. The terrestrial sphere was made of four elements, namely earth, air, fire, and water, subject to change and decay. The celestial spheres were made of a fifth element, […]

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Poetics


Aristotle (Freshman)

Abū Bishr Mattā b. Yūnus al-Qunnāʾī (Arabic: ﺍﺑﻮ ﺑﺸﺮ ﻣﺘﺎ ﺑﻦ ﻳﻮﻧﺲ ﺍﻟﻘﻨﺎﻱء‎; c. 870-20 June 940) was an arab Christian philosopher who played an important role in the transmission of the works of Aristotle to the Islamic world. He is famous for founding the Baghdad school of Aristotelian philosophers.

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Aristotle

  Mieza (Ancient Greek: Μίεζα), “shrine of the Nymphs”, was a town in ancient Macedonia, where Aristotle taught the boy Alexander the Great between 343 and 340 BCE.[1] Ptolemy classifies Mieza among the cities of Emathia.[2] Stephanus of Byzantium, on the other hand, deriving his information apparently from Theagenes, alludes to it as “τόπος Στρυμόνος“, […]

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Phaedrus

The Phaedrus (/ˈfiːdrəs/; Greek: Φαῖδρος, translit. Phaidros), written by Plato, is a dialogue between Plato’s protagonist, Socrates, and Phaedrus, an interlocutor in several dialogues. The Phaedrus was presumably composed around 370 BCE, about the same time as Plato’s Republic and Symposium.[1] Although ostensibly about the topic of love, the discussion in the dialogue revolves around […]

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Timaeus

Atlantis (Ancient Greek: Ἀτλαντὶς νῆσος, Atlantis nesos, “island of Atlas“) is a fictional island mentioned in an allegory on the hubris of nations in Plato‘s works Timaeus and Critias, wherein it represents the antagonist naval power that besieges “Ancient Athens”, the pseudo-historic embodiment of Plato’s ideal state in The Republic.[1] In the story, Athens repels […]

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Parmenides

Parmenides of Elea (/pɑːrˈmɛnɪdiːz … ˈɛliə/; Greek: Παρμενίδης ὁ Ἐλεάτης; fl. late sixth or early fifth century BC) was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher from Elea in Magna Graecia (meaning “Great Greece,” the term which Romans gave to Greek-populated coastal areas in Southern Italy). He is thought to have been in his prime (or “floruit“) around 475 BC.[a] Parmenides […]

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Symposium

In classical scholarship, the editio princeps (plural: editiones principes) of a work is the first printed edition of the work, that previously had existed only in manuscripts, which could be circulated only after being copied by hand. For example, the editio princeps of Homer is that of Demetrius Chalcondyles, now thought to be from 1488. […]

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Crito

Crito (/ˈkraɪtoʊ/ KRY-toh or /ˈkriːtoʊ/ KREE-toh; Ancient Greek: Κρίτων [krítɔːn]) is a dialogue that was written by the ancient Greek philosopher Plato. It depicts a conversation between Socrates and his wealthy friend Crito of Alopece regarding justice (δικαιοσύνη), injustice (ἀδικία), and the appropriate response to injustice after Socrates’ imprisonment, which is chronicled in the Apology. […]

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