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Arithmetic

November 18, 2021

The book Introduction to Arithmetic (Greek: Ἀριθμητικὴ εἰσαγωγή, Arithmetike eisagoge) is the only extant work on mathematics by Nicomachus (60–120 AD).

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Nicomachus

Nicomachus of Gerasa[1] (Greek: Νικόμαχος; c. 60 – c. 120 AD) was an important ancient mathematician and music theorist,[2] best known for his works Introduction to Arithmetic and Manual of Harmonics in Greek. He was born in Gerasa, in the Roman province of Syria (now Jerash, Jordan). He was a Neopythagorean, who wrote about the […]

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Politics

After studying a number of real and theoretical city-states’ constitutions, Aristotle classified them according to various criteria. On one side stand the true (or good) constitutions, which are considered such because they aim for the common good, and on the other side the perverted (or deviant) ones, considered such because they aim for the well […]

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Nicomachean Ethics

The Nicomachean Ethics (/ˌnɪkoʊˈmækiən/; Ancient Greek: Ἠθικὰ Νικομάχεια, Ēthika Nikomacheia) is the name normally given to Aristotle‘s best-known work on ethics. The work, which plays a pre-eminent role in defining Aristotelian ethics, consists of ten books, originally separate scrolls, and is understood to be based on notes from his lectures at the Lyceum. The title […]

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Metaphysics

Metaphysics (Greek: τὰ μετὰ τὰ φυσικά, “things after the ones about the natural world”; Latin: Metaphysica[1]) is one of the principal works of Aristotle, in which he develops the doctrine that he refers to sometimes as Wisdom, sometimes as First Philosophy, and sometimes as Theology. It is one of the first major works of the […]

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Physics

    Key concepts of Aristotelian physics include the structuring of the cosmos into concentric spheres, with the Earth at the centre and celestial spheres around it. The terrestrial sphere was made of four elements, namely earth, air, fire, and water, subject to change and decay. The celestial spheres were made of a fifth element, […]

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Poetics

Abū Bishr Mattā b. Yūnus al-Qunnāʾī (Arabic: ﺍﺑﻮ ﺑﺸﺮ ﻣﺘﺎ ﺑﻦ ﻳﻮﻧﺲ ﺍﻟﻘﻨﺎﻱء‎; c. 870-20 June 940) was an arab Christian philosopher who played an important role in the transmission of the works of Aristotle to the Islamic world. He is famous for founding the Baghdad school of Aristotelian philosophers.

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Aristotle

  Mieza (Ancient Greek: Μίεζα), “shrine of the Nymphs”, was a town in ancient Macedonia, where Aristotle taught the boy Alexander the Great between 343 and 340 BCE.[1] Ptolemy classifies Mieza among the cities of Emathia.[2] Stephanus of Byzantium, on the other hand, deriving his information apparently from Theagenes, alludes to it as “τόπος Στρυμόνος“, […]

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