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Solon

November 18, 2021

Solon (Greek: Σόλων Sólōn [só.lɔːn]; c.  630 – c.  560 BC)[1] was an Athenian statesman, lawmaker and poet. He is remembered particularly for his efforts to legislate against political, economic and moral decline in archaic Athens.[2] His reforms failed in the short term, yet he is often credited with having laid the foundations for Athenian democracy.[3][4][5] He wrote poetry for pleasure, as patriotic propaganda, and in defence of his constitutional reform. Modern […]

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Lycurgus of Sparta

Lycurgus of Sparta is a 1791 oil painting attributed to the French painter Jacques-Louis David which is in the collection of the Musée des Beaux-Arts, Blois, France. Lycurgus was a quasi-legendary lawgiver of the state of Sparta in the Greek Peloponnese in the 8th century B.C. He was believed to be the younger son of a king of Sparta who became […]

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Herodotus

Greek pronunciation: [hɛːródotos]; c. 484 – c. 425 BC) was an ancient Greek writer, geographer, and historian born in the Greek city of Halicarnassus, part of the Persian Empire (now Bodrum, Turkey). He is known for having written the Histories – a detailed account of the Greco-Persian Wars. Herodotus was the first writer to do systematic investigation […]

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“Lycurgus” and “Solon” from the Parallel Lives

  Jacob Tonson, sometimes referred to as Jacob Tonson the Elder (1655–1736), was an eighteenth-century English bookseller and publisher. Tonson published editions of John Dryden and John Milton, and is best known for having obtained a copyright on the plays of William Shakespeare by buying up the rights of the heirs of the publisher of the Fourth Folio after the Statute of Anne went into effect. He was also the founder […]

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The Bacchae

The Bacchae (/ˈbækiː/; Greek: Βάκχαι, Bakchai; also known as The Bacchantes /ˈbækənts, bəˈkænts, -ˈkɑːnts/) is an ancient Greek tragedy, written by the Athenian playwright Euripides during his final years in Macedonia, at the court of Archelaus I of Macedon. It premiered posthumously at the Theatre of Dionysus in 405 BC as part of a tetralogy […]

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Hippolytus

Hippolytus (Ancient Greek: Ἱππόλυτος, Hippolytos) is an Ancient Greek tragedy by Euripides, based on the myth of Hippolytus, son of Theseus. The play was first produced for the City Dionysia of Athens in 428 BC and won first prize as part of a trilogy.[1] Euripides first treated the myth in a previous play, Hippolytos Kalyptomenos […]

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Plutarch

Chaeronea (English: /ˌkaɪrəˈniːə/ or /ˌkɛrəˈniːə/;[2] Greek: Χαιρώνεια Chaironeia, Ancient Greek: [kʰai̯rɔ̌ːneːa]) is a village and a former municipality in Boeotia, Greece, located about 35 kilometers east of Delphi. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Livadeia, of which it is a municipal unit.[3] The municipal unit has an area of 111.445 km2, the community 26.995 km2.[4] Population 1,382 (2011). It is located by the mountain Thourion and […]

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Euripides

Euripides (/jʊəˈrɪpɪdiːz/;[1] Ancient Greek: Εὐριπίδης Eurīpídēs, pronounced [eu̯.riː.pí.dɛːs]; c. 480 – c. 406 BC) was a tragedian of classical Athens. Along with Aeschylus and Sophocles, he is one of the three ancient Greek tragedians for whom any plays have survived in full. Some ancient scholars attributed ninety-five plays to him, but the Suda says it was ninety-two […]

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On the Nature of Things

De rerum natura (Latin: [deː ˈreːrʊn naːˈtuːraː]; On the Nature of Things) is a first-century BC didactic poem by the Roman poet and philosopher Lucretius (c. 99 BC – c. 55 BC) with the goal of explaining Epicurean philosophy to a Roman audience. The poem, written in some 7,400 dactylic hexameters, is divided into six untitled books, and explores Epicurean physics through poetic language and metaphors.[1] Namely, Lucretius explores the principles of atomism; […]

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